Stable angina

Understanding Stable Angina

Stable Angina is a prevalent health concern in the UK. Its root cause is the lifestyle, dietary habits, and overall fitness of the current population. Here’s a breakdown of this medical condition.

Coronary Artery Concerns

Stable Angina stems from coronary heart disease. As the coronary arteries get clogged, it resembles limescale accumulating in pipes. This buildup is a consequence of plaque or dietary fats clogging the artery’s inner walls, leading to a narrower passage. Such narrowing elevates blood pressure. Hence, doctors often monitor blood pressure, especially post the age of 40, to track increasing arterial blockages and resulting blood pressure spikes.

Plaque: An Irreversible Problem

The buildup of plaque commences as early as age 4 and persists throughout one’s life. Unfortunately, once established, this buildup can’t be undone. Over time, factors like unhealthy diets, smoking, and sedentary lifestyles exacerbate this narrowing, obstructing smooth blood flow.

Oxygen Starvation and Resultant Pain

When our hearts demand more oxygen during intensive activities, like uphill walking, it pumps faster. However, clogged arteries hinder this oxygenated blood flow. As a result, the heart muscles experience an oxygen shortage and cramp, triggering angina pain. This pain’s location, central to the chest, often confuses it with a heart attack. Yet, it’s crucial to differentiate as heart attacks, angina, and cardiac arrests are distinct conditions, albeit interlinked.

Treatment: GTN (Glycerol Trinitrate)

GTN is a popular remedy for angina, either as a spray or a tablet placed in the mouth. By dilating the blood vessels, it boosts blood flow to the heart muscles, alleviating pain. However, GTN usage isn’t without drawbacks. Common side effects include intense headaches. More severely, as a vasodilator, GTN can drastically drop blood pressure, causing fainting if consumed in excess. Therefore, its application necessitates caution and monitoring for potential side effects.

Contact for Further Details

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